Dynamic Range Of Cameras In Photography
Dynamic range of cameras is the net amount of light being captured by the camera sensor. It is the difference between the lightest part of a photo and the darkest part.
Larger sensors can record more information between PURE WHITE and PURE black. More information! Giving greater detail to all the tones throughout the image.
Pushing the limits of your camera leads to overexposed or underexposed photos. Possibly washed out, or even pure white or pure black. So unless your photographing a pure white wall, this is a bad thing.
The lesson is to KNOW THE LIMITATIONS OF YOUR CAMERA. And work within it’s capabilities. You need to be thinking about dynamic range the next time you’re taking photos.
Is There Such Thing As Great Dynamic Range?
Having great dynamic range does not necessarily make all of your images “good”. Sometimes having a lower dynamic range nets you a great photograph!
If your scene is evenly lit, your sensor will do just fine. Exposing for any part of the scene will net you a pretty even image.
However, exposing gets tricky if there’s a big difference between the brightest spots and the darkest spots. The dynamic range of your camera is critical here! You would like your sensor to record as much of the information as possible. Does you’re image represent the scene?
Dynamic Range In Modern Cameras
Modern manufacturers of cameras are constantly expanding the limits of dynamic range. Sensors are getting better and better. Modern cameras can capture a ton of information!
Simply put, if a sensor has a strong dynamic range, it can capture more information in between the dark spots and bright spots.
Post Production & Image Editing
If your camera has great dynamic range, you have a lot of information that will help you edit!
You can bring back details in the overexposed and underexposed parts of an image. This is fantastic news! It allows you to bring out important context in your shot.
Get Things Right As You Shoot
If you’re operating a camera with a low dynamic range, or shooting a scene with bright/dark spots, this is not the end of the world! All this means is that you need to think about your exposure as you shoot.
You need to “GET IT RIGHT IN CAMERA”
Take a deep breath. Think about what’s important in the shot. Decide you priorities.
Don’t leave yourself with zero wiggle room to improve your shots in the next step… editing!